In order to reduce the amount of garbage that enters the environment, pollution prevention (P2) is used. Many multinational organisations see P2 as a way to increase production efficiency & profitability through waste reduction and technological breakthroughs. The Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 and the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 by the United States Congress are examples of P2 legislation.

An environmental pollution prevention strategy is one that lowers the amount of pollutants emitted into the atmosphere. The severity and/or number of risks to public health & the environment are both reduced when such procedures are implemented. The preservation of natural resources as well as major financial benefits could be gained by preventing pollution in big scale activities. The appropriate disposal of waste is not really a concern for companies that produce less waste. As a result, P2 is a proactive technique to reduce waste disposal and elimination expenses.